Programs: No meeting in December, but look forward to the January meeting and Bob Ballenger's demonstration of vacu-veneering.
Also: our holiday banquet on Dec. 18th, with Mart and Mingle starting at 1:30, dinner at 2:00.
Around the shop: Having been shamed/inspired by the tidy and functional workshops I have toured recently, progress on the great wheel skeleton clock has been suspended while I convert my shop from 50% shop and 50% piles of stuff, back into a real shop again. Took some head scratching to figure out how to add more storage/shelf space to an already "full" space, but after staring at things I realized a lot of the "stuff" can just go away, and discovered where I can cram in some more shelves. My car has been banished to make room for a staging area while I fill the recycling bins and rebuild my main work area. Being a man of leisure for the moment (I'll be back at work soon I expect, but please not TOO soon...) helps a lot.
Don't forget: dues are due. $15.00, and David requests a check if Paypal isn't your thing.
And: the Holiday Banquet + Mart will be at the Monarch Dec. 18th, 1:30PM. Details and flyer on our web page.
I know this issue of Time Out is getting to our non-email members very late (all on me; sincere apologies) so call Kris Freimuth at 503 255 7685 to RSVP if you have not already sent in payment.
Clocks, watches and other time pieces
Clocks are represented by various versions. Each clock version has its’ own distinctive characteristics. Many countries such as England, France, Germany and the United States of America contribute to the manufacture of a large number of clocks that are distributed throughout the world. The development of time measuring devices started with sun dials to the present day clocks.
In the early 1800’s to the early 1900’s, the manufacture of clocks in England were represented by spring driven clocks, high quality regulators, skeleton, bracket, chime, electric and turret clocks. As the 1800’s progressed, the English trade of clocks for the home diminished as less expensive productions of American, German and French seem to entirely satisfy the demand.
At the same time there were found in homes, especially in rural areas, a large number of tall case clocks. Also known as grandfather clocks. There were two common tall case clocks. There were the 30 hour clocks which required winding each day. Then there were 8 day clocks which required a weekly wind. These clocks testified to the workmanship and ability of English clockmakers. They were characterized by quality of their movements and cases. The primary issue for most people was the cost. Many of these became and remain a piece of furniture regardless if it was working. Many of the working clocks because of their durability remained working and faithfully keep their duty to tell time for upwards of 100 years without repair. Modern clock do not last as well. These old clocks were made in many of the popular towns and cities. Each clock maker cutting his own wheels and the manufacturing of the entire movement. Cases were often supplied by the local cabinetmaker.
American clocks are distinct from all the others. They were mass produced using machinery with the most economical methods and principles. There were inexpensive, appealingly designed and considered fair time keepers. American clocks were very popular in England and commonly found in many households. Some were weight driven in a case, but most used mainsprings. Unlike most English and European clocks, the American clocks did not have mainsprings that were fitted in a barrel. The inner most coil of the mainspring hooked to a winding arbor in the usual way. The outer end of the mainspring formed into a loop which slipped on to one of the movement frame pillar posts.
The dials of American clocks were typically made from sheet metal, iron, zinc and cut into shape.The front of the dial was painted with white enamel paint. The process requires the metal dial to be slightly heated during the process. When the dial enamel is dry, the circles for the minutes are painted on by brush. A stencil plate is used by laying it on the dial to mark off the positions of the hours. The paint used for the numerals is lamp black (soot of oil lamps) mixed with a copal resign varnish to a proper consistency. Skilled hands would paint in the roman numerals for the hours in the correct locations on the dial using fine brushes. Mostly women were employed for the work of dial painting. With practice, they would attain great accuracy and speed.