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Jeff Eastwood

Vice President
Robert Gordon

Kris Freiermuth

Treasurer & Membership
David Noall

Terry White (201  )
Conrad Bell (201  )
Al Pohlpeter 2018
Harold Baesler 2018

4-Officers, Past President,
& 4 Directors

Committee Chairs

Webmaster & E-Mailings
Rod Lloyd


NAWCC Mart & Highlights
Kris Freiermuth

Betty Chisum

Program & Publicity

Nominating & Elections
George Matto

Terry White
Stephen Nelson

Raffle & Door Prizes

NAWCC Mart & Highlights Corrdinator
Kris Freiermuth

Outside Events
Kris Freiermuth

Chapter Event Photographer


November 2016



I hope this finds you all in good health and good spirits. No matter who won the election, I bet we can all agree on being happy it's over!

We have a good program for the November meeting: Bob Arnold will talk about the restoration of the Beaverton Bakery tower clock.
This is a sweet little movement which I enjoyed seeing at Bob Ballenger's place recently, while there to look over his vacuum veneering system (Bob will be demoing this in an upcoming meeting, probably January; anyone who does restoration will find this a must-see.) Thanks in advance to Bob, and of course Charlie Schubert (the clock's [and bakery's!] owner), for sharing with us.

Regional Update from George Matto:

We have had one meeting with Christine Palmer of Palmer Antique and Collectible Shows and plan another next week.  Marietta and I attended the latest Palmer Show last week and found the proposed area set up with tables for the Knife Show within the Antique Show.  The separate interest area seemed to work well with a main aisle entrance and plenty of space for good circulation among the tables.  There is an outside door directly into the area for easy loading and unloading.  The July dates are 15th and 16th with the 14th for set-up and "early birds."   This required date conflict resolution; one phone call to Denver resulted in a"mutual no conflict" agreement with the Rocky Mountain Regional that same weekend. I have petitioned NATIONAL, Phil Gregory who said he supports the concept and will present it to the Board.  It turns out that our approach is consistent with Mr. Gregory's message in the September/October Bulletin, "We are experimenting with techniques to present the Association to a broader audience to attract more members."  We will continue to keep the membership advised of our progress as we move forward.  All ideas and suggestions are welcome and needed-contact me or Jeff Eastwood.

George Matto, 2017 Regional Chair

Programs: Always looking for folks to give a presentation, or bring an item or two to show and discuss, talk about an interesting/challenging repair you've done, something new you've learned...
Don't worry about "Oh, not that many people would find my XYZ interesting..."; many of the talks at our meetings that I've attended have been outside my main interests, but I have every time been glad I was there. Always a tidbit or two to tuck away for future reference, and always the chance that you'll suddenly find  a new and interesting aspect of horology to learn more about. To that end I've acquired three video presentations that I read about in the AHS journal recently: "A Detailed Study of H4", which is the story of Derek Pratt's work on building a recreation of that famous Harrison chronometer, and how Charles Frodsham & Co. took on the half completed project after Derek had to cease work due to illness. A related video is "Four Generations of Watchcase Making: a profile of Martin Matthews". This video includes footage of the construction of the case for the Pratt/Frodsham's H4 recreation. And finally, "Engine Turning", also by Martin Matthews, because... well, engine turning! Who wouldn't want their own rose engine and Holtzapffel lathe? And on that note:

Around the shop: I've got all the big wheels cut now: the 290, 198, 144, and the escape wheel; about 700 teeth in total. As usual, learned a few things; mainly what NOT to do. I've used my Thornton's #7 recoil cutter a few times now, and never had this problem before: having it start coming off its arbor! Well, running the mill in reverse will tend to do that of course, but gee, I had it screwed on nice and tight. I was running in reverse due to the geometry of the setup on the rotary table; in order to be able to see the cut, I needed to have the cutter spin in that direction. Never fear, the teeth were cutting in the correct direction! I found that feeding in quite gradually solved this problem, but for a while there I was turning the mill off after every other tooth to check and re-tighten. Then on to laying out the wheel crossings -- those at the Sept.meeting may recall a couple  of slides I showed of the tool I use to mark parallel lines on the inner and outer rims of a wheel. The tool worked OK, but I found this time that I wasn't getting both points to to the wheel's surface at the same time. It's supposed to be easy to adjust each point to just touch the surface, but they no longer slid easily in their holes. A bit of re-drilling and smoothing of the pins fixed this. Using hardened steel points would prevent galling from the set screws, but I use brass pins to avoid deep scratches in the wheels.  Nothing worse than a tool that ALMOST works, especially if you designed and built it yourself; no one else to blame! Working well now, so on to crossing out.

Don't forget: dues are due. $15.00, and David requests a check if Paypal isn't your thing.

And: the Holiday Banquet + Mart will be at the Monarch Dec. 18th, 1:30PM. Details and flyer to show up on our web page soon.

Best regards,

Jeff Eastwood

Chapter 31 Monthly Meetings

November meeting is on the 20th.

No meeting in December, but Holiday Banquet + Mart will be at the Monarch Dec. 18th, 1:30PM.     FLYER

Location: Beaverton City Library

12375 SW 5th St, Beaverton, OR 97005
Mart 2pm;  Meeting 2:30pm



The History of the words Watch and Clock

The word “clock” was likely derived from the Middle Dutch word “clocke.” An etymology and word origin list from Rice University states that the word “clocke” was used to describe the noise making bell in the church tower and is defined as a bell clock.


From the description in the definition, the bell in the Dutch church towers made a lower “bong” type of sound instead of the high pitched clang sound that is most commonly associated with church tower bells. The word “clocke” was formulated before clocks with faces emerged. The description states that later a “newfangled timekeeper” with a rounded face and hands was added to the church tower.

“Clocke” was the original word, but when the English imported the timepieces, they shortened the name to “clock.” Differences in the English and Dutch language affecting this issue were that the Dutch language had one word that meant both “bell” and “clock,” while the English language developed two separate words. One English word meant “clock” and one meant “bell,” to not cause confusion between the two and provide a distinction between a ringing bell and a clock with a face.

In the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word “clock” originated in the late 14th century. This time line matches with the above reference because clocks in this era were not the typical face clocks that displayed the time, featuring a face and hands.

The Anderson Institute reports that during the 14th century, the clocks used then are now referred to as turret clocks. Turret clocks were devices powered by a verge escapement, weights and chains. The bell clock was then placed in the bell tower to chime the passing hours. The chains had to be wound and would often lose balance, resulting in the hours being tolled late or early; these clocks were not very accurate.

One of the oldest surviving turret clocks exists today in England and dates to 1386. Located in the Salisbury Cathedral, this clock only tolls the hours. In clock history, these beginning devices were the predecessor of larger wall clocks with faces that had similar functions and structure.

The word “clocke” also had influence from words in other foreign languages.

In the previously referenced dictionary report from Rice University, the Middle Dutch word “clocke” originated from the Old French word “cloche,” meaning “clock bell.” This Old French word’s origin influence came from the Late Latin term “clocca,” which indicated a sound that imitated a bell.

According to the Etymology Dictionary, it is believed that the word “clocca” was in turn derived from the Old Irish and Celtic word “clocc.”

It is possible that the Irish missionaries spread the use of the word “clocc“. The English language then adopted the word from the Middle Dutch “clocke,” modifying it to “clock,” for the first time meaning only the timepiece and not including a bell in its definition.

The term “bell” in the English language had origins in Proto-German. The word was used to replace the Old English word “dægmæl,” which meant “day measure” or “day mark”. The marking of the day. A similar word to this in the Latin language was “horologium,” of which the Greek term “hora” added with the ending “logy.” This ending in Greek is used to refer to a science, study or theory. This is where the modern English term “horology” comes from. Horology was first documented as an English word in 1819.

Clock enthusiasts know that horology is the science of measuring time.

The English language has a few other references of the word “clock” that have interesting origins.

According to the Etymology Dictionary, the term “o’clock” was used to shorten the phrase “of the clock.”

The term “of the clock” had been used before this point to refer to time on a clock face.

Air force fighter pilots will say: enemies at three and six o'clock!

Originating in 1904, the term “o’clock” was used by pilots and firearm shooters to reference directions. People still use this reference today. For example, if someone sees an enemy, they may say to a friend “Enemy at five o’clock,” referencing the position of the person from their location.

In the Etymology Dictionary is the origin of the term “clockwork.” Originated from the English language, this word emerged in the 1660s, meaning “mechanism of a clock.” The old French term “cloque” that had a part in the evolution of the word “clock” mostly indicated a bell sound. From the word “cloque,” the similar English word “cloak” emerged, created to describe the bell shape of a cloak garment. Another commonly term, “clockwise,” was born in 1879, used to describe the direction in which the hands traveled around the face of a clock. The term “clock” was paired with the word “wise,” meaning “the way of proceeding.” When combined, the meaning of “clockwise” is “the way the clock proceeds.”

Many terms related to time. Clocks and watches have an extensive history, some dating back to ancient Egyptian water clocks.

As time continues, more words with “clock” or “watch” in them will emerge, especially as technology continues to advance.

100 years ago, the term “clock radio” or “cell phone clock” would not appear in any dictionary.


The wristwatch concept goes back to the production of the very early watches in the 16th century. Elizabeth I of England received a wristwatch from Robert Dudley in 1571, described as an arm watch. Initially, wrist watches were almost exclusively worn by women. Men used pocket watches up until the early 20th century.

The Garstin Company of London patented a “Watch Wristlet” design in 1893, but they were probably producing similar designs from the 1880s.

Wristwatches were first worn by the military towards the end of the 19th century, when the importance of synchronizing maneuvers during combat. The British Army began using wristwatches during colonial military campaigns in the 1880s. The importance of coordinating troop movements and synchronizing attacks against the highly mobile insurgents became paramount, and the use of wristwatches subsequently became widespread among the officers. The company Mappin & Webb began production of their successful “campaign watch” for soldiers during the campaign at the Sudan in 1898 and increased production for the wars a few years later.

The West Linn Clock Class
 has started again.  For more information or to enroll go to

Club members are invited to come and assist as a mentor when ever you have time.

Students [and other interested members] should click here for fall homework [Video]



erst linn

The next clock repair class will be at:

Stafford Primary School, West Linn,
19875 Southwest Stafford Road, West Linn, OR 97068
Starting October 4, 2016 for 10 weeks
Tuesdays 7pm to 9.30pm
Easy practice clock movements available to work on to help get you started.